Dear friends! We continue to introduce you to the SDG-2030.
The UN defines each Messiac as one of the Sustainable Development Goals as important. This month is dedicated to SDG 3 “Good Health and Wellbeing.” Therefore, we invite you to learn about the situation around the world. After all, we all live in a global world and whether we want it or not, we are all interconnected and the situation with the coronovirus has confirmed it.
Remember the UN ‘s call to “Make global goals your own”!
The information is taken from the UN website https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/ru/health/
I invite you to look more often at this resource and be always in the theme of global events of the world! In addition, our organization has the honour to inform you on this subject within the framework of the implementation of the grant “Involvement of civil society institutions in the implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals in Kazakhstan”
Facts and figures
Health of children
The global under-five mortality rate in 2012 was almost half of the 1990 mortality rate. 17,000 fewer children died every day than in 1990.
Since 2000, measles vaccination has avoided more than 15.6 million deaths.
Globally, four out of five under-five deaths still occur in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
Children born in the poorest families are almost twice as likely as those from the wealthiest families.
The risk of death under the age of five also increases if children are born in rural areas and if their mothers are deprived of basic education.
Protection of motherhood
Maternal mortality has fallen by 37 per cent since 2000.
In East Asia, North Africa and South Asia, maternal mortality fell by about two thirds.
Nevertheless, maternal mortality rates in developing countries are 14 times higher than in developed countries.
In developing regions, antenatal care increased from 65 per cent to 83 per cent between 1990 and 2012.
In developing regions, only half of women receive the recommended assistance.
Adolescent fertility has declined in most developing countries, but progress has slowed.
Contraceptive use has increased in most regions, but there are still unmet needs for family planning.
HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
In 2017, there were 36.9 million people living with HIV worldwide.
At the end of 2017, there were 21.7 million people worldwide with access to antiretroviral therapy.
In 2017, the estimated number of new HIV infections was 1.8 million.
AIDS killed 940,000 people in 2017.
Overall, 77.3 million people have been infected with HIV since the epidemic began, and 35.4 million have died from AIDS.
Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, killing one third of those infected.
Worldwide, adolescent girls and young women face gender inequality, exclusion, discrimination and violence, putting them at increased risk of HIV infection.
HIV is the leading cause of death for women of reproductive age around the world.
AIDS is now the leading cause of death among adolescents (ages 10-19) in Africa and the second most frequent cause of death among adolescents worldwide.
In 2000-2015, more than 6.2 million malaria deaths were prevented, mainly among children under five living in sub-Saharan Africa. Global malaria incidence is estimated to have declined by 37 per cent and mortality by 58 per cent.