The 75th anniversary of the UN is an occasion for pride and an incentive for decisive action

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Dear friends! September 21, the United Nations celebrates its 75th anniversary!

For all progressive humanity, this is a progressive date.

We invite you to get acquainted with this news through a link to the official website of the UN!

https://news.un.org/ru/story/2020/09/1386222

The 75th anniversary of the UN is an occasion for pride and an incentive for decisive action.

Photo by UN/I. Debebe
Delegates gathered at the meeting of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly. The number of people present in the hall is limited – to observe the distance

September 21, 2020
UN
Celebrating the 75th anniversary of the United Nations at a special meeting, participants expressed strong support for the Organization and stated that they would fulfill the promises made by its founders in 1945. In addressing them, the Secretary-General reiterated his call for multilateralism in addressing the challenges facing the world today.

It took two world wars, millions of deaths and the horrors of the Holocaust for world leaders to commit themselves to international cooperation and the rule of law. And the third world war, which so many feared, was avoided, Antonio Guterres recalled. According to him, never in modern history has there been such a long period, not overshadowed by conflicts between large powers.

“This is an outstanding achievement that the UN member states can be proud of and that all of us must maintain,” the Secretary-General emphasized. Among other historical achievements, he noted the UN’s peacekeeping activities, the decolonization movement, the development of human rights standards and mechanisms for their observance, the victory over apartheid, the provision of vital humanitarian assistance to millions of victims of conflicts and disasters, the eradication of diseases, the steady reduction of hunger, the development of international law, the development of historical agreements to protect the environment and the entire planet.

Photo by UN/H. Dikko
Women in the ranks of UN peacekeepers carry out combat holding, patrolling territories. Employees of the Swedish peacekeeping contingent in Mali, 2018
The latter include the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, which outlines measures to curb climate change. One of the most important achievements of recent years is the Sustainable Development Goals for the period up to 2030, unanimously adopted by world leaders five years ago.

The Secretary-General recalled that in 1945 there were only 8 women among the 850 delegates to the San Francisco Conference. A huge path has been taken, and today women occupy high positions – from presidents and prime ministers to heads of major companies, and at the UN, women make up more than half of top executives. However, as Guterres noted, twenty-five years after the adoption of the historic Beijing Platform for Action for Women, gender inequality remains the most serious human rights challenge worldwide.

The impending climate catastrophe, the loss of biological diversity, rising poverty, the spread of hatred, increased geopolitical tensions, the presence of a nuclear threat, the destructive potential of new technologies and, finally, the pandemic COVID-19 exposed all the main vulnerabilities of the modern world – as the UN head said, “today we have too many multilateral problems and too few multilateral solutions.”

Archive photo of the United Nations
The Secretary-General visited the Bahamas affected by the most powerful hurricane Dorian
That is why António Guterres again recalled the need for an effective multilateral approach to solving global problems. “No one wants to have a global government, but we must work together to improve global governance,” the Secretary General emphasized.

The principle of multilateralism was also supported by the vast majority of participants in the global survey on the future of the UN and the whole world. “They said that the international cooperation is vital for the solution of today’s problems, – the Secretary general reported. – They emphasized that in the conditions of COVID-19 pandemic the need for such solidarity became even more essential”.

Guterres added that people are afraid of the climate crisis, poverty, inequality, corruption and systemic racial and gender discrimination and hope that the UN will help make the world a better place: “And they count on us to meet the current tests with honor.”

He stressed that the main responsibility for this lies with the UN member states. “It is our duty to the” peoples of the United Nations. ” It is our duty to peacekeepers, diplomats, humanitarian personnel and everyone who sacrificed their lives to promote common values, “said the Secretary General. – The founders of our Organization began their work in the midst of the conflict. Now we have to continue the journey to rid the world of danger. “

The Secretary-General welcomed the adoption by the States members of the United Nations of the Declaration on its 75th anniversary.

“We will not forget anyone” – Declaration on the celebration of the 75th anniversary of the UN
“No other global organization gives so many people hope for a better world and cannot secure the future we want.” This is an excerpt from the Declaration on the celebration of the 75th anniversary of the UN, which the members of the General Assembly adopted during today’s meeting.

“In the light of the horrors of World War II, the United Nations was founded as a common cause of mankind to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war,” the document says. “Even in times of serious global problems and tension, our Organization acted as a catalyst for decolonization, promoted freedom, shaped the norms of international development and fought diseases.”

Representatives of the UN member states noted that the Organization contributed to the resolution of dozens of conflicts, saved hundreds of thousands of lives as part of its humanitarian activities, provided millions of children with the opportunity to study, and defended human rights around the world.

UNRWA Photo
With UN assistance, children in a Palestinian refugee camp in Syria continue their studies despite the pandemic
“We have achieved much, and we express our deep appreciation and respect to the United Nations and its staff, especially those who paid the highest price in the performance of their duties. Over the years, more than 1 million women and men have served under the flag of the United Nations in more than 70 peacekeeping operations, “the declaration says.

At the same time, it emphasizes that in the history of the UN there were “moments of disappointment.” “The world has not yet become what our founders wanted it to be 75 years ago. There are such problems as growing inequality, poverty, hunger, armed conflicts, terrorism, insecurity, climate change and pandemics, “representatives of countries emphasized.

They believe that global problems can only be solved through multilateralism. This, in particular, concerns the pandemic of coronavirus, which continues to spread throughout the planet. “Only through joint efforts and in a spirit of solidarity will we be able to put an end to the pandemic and effectively cope with its consequences,” the declaration says.

Representatives of UN member states expressed the need to strengthen international cooperation and made a number of promises. Here are some of them:

“We will not forget anyone”;
“We will protect our planet”;
“We will promote peace and prevent conflict”;
“We will respect international law and ensure justice”;
“We will give a central place to women and girls”;
“We are modernizing the United Nations.”

USA: UN anniversary – an opportunity not only to celebrate successes, but also to analyze failures
The US administration – the country where the UN headquarters and many of its agencies are located – paying tribute to the important role of the UN and its successes, criticized some aspects of its activities. “On behalf of the people of the United States and the President” was the acting Deputy Permanent Representative of this country to the UN, Cherit Norman Chalet. She emphasized that the UN in its history has achieved success in many areas, but there have been “unfortunate failures.”

“Despite some unfortunate failures, the UN Blue Helmets missions have supported peace around the world for decades. Organizations such as the World Food Program save lives and improve the future of people every day, “said a US representative. It also noted the Organization’s ability to unite peace and bring States to the negotiating table.

Photo of the UN/E. Debebe
UN Security Council. Photo from the archive.
Cherit Norman Chalet emphasized that “the United States played a central role in these successes not only as a host country, but also as the largest and most reliable sponsor of the UN for all its 75 years.” She emphasized that Washington’s support allowed the entire UN system to assist millions of people around the world, coordinate global humanitarian activities and organize meetings on issues that require urgent action.

“But there are also reasons for concern. The UN has not been engaged in constructive reforms for too long, too often its work lacked transparency, it did not act very decisively on autocratic regimes and dictatorships. New threats require new approaches from the UN in terms of, in particular, theft of intellectual property and attempts to undermine freedom on the Internet, “the US diplomat said.

Cherit Norman Chalet emphasized that for the Trump administration, the 75th anniversary of the UN is an opportunity not only to celebrate the success of the UN, but also to identify the weaknesses of the Organization, analyze the failures and learn relevant lessons.

Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov: the world is tired of disconnecting lines

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, speaking on behalf of the member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization – Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Russia, said that in modern conditions the UN should remain an effective platform for solving modern problems.

“Today, unfortunately, armed conflicts continue to rage in various regions of the world. To them are added the acute threats of our time: international terrorism, drug and cybercrime, climate change. This year, this list was replenished with another formidable challenge – the coronavirus pandemic, which provoked serious crisis phenomena in the socio-economic and other spheres, “Lavrov said. He called very relevant the call of the UN Secretary General for a global ceasefire in connection with the COVID-19 pandemic, which the CSTO member states unanimously supported.

The Russian Foreign Minister emphasized that it is becoming more difficult to respond to these and many other global problems from year to year, especially in the context of the growing disunity of the world community. This situation, according to the minister, is largely due to “the unwillingness of some countries to reckon with the legitimate interests of other states.”

“The implementation of concepts and standards like a” rules-based world order “is underway in parallel with attempts to interfere in the internal affairs of states, the use of unilateral sanctions in violation of the prerogatives of the UN Security Council, manifestations of intolerance and hatred,” said the head of the Russian foreign ministry.

At the same time, Lavrov believes that the natural course of history cannot be reversed. Today, he said, new centers of economic growth are being strengthened in the international arena, the need to resolve armed conflicts by exclusively peaceful means and interdependence is growing.

“The world is tired of the separation lines, the division of states into” their “and” strangers, “the world requires increased comprehensive mutual assistance and cooperation. In other words, the goals formulated 75 years ago during the creation of the UN are becoming more and more relevant, “said Larov. He called on everyone “again, as in 1945, to discard differences and unite in the name of solving common problems with the support of equal dialogue and mutual respect for interests.” He believes that the UN platform creates all the necessary conditions for this.

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