KURMANOVA AIZADA AMANGELDINOVA –
Member of the Committee on Economic Reform and Regional Development of the Majilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
One of the important themes for the development of rural sustainability is the introduction of local self-government instruments and the 4th level of the budget.
In preparation for the Second Rural Women ‘s Forum, we made this subject the basis for one of the strategic sessions and wrote about it in our previous website. And for important was the opinion of the moderator of the session A.Kurmanova about it: “I personally participated in this session and meeting with aktims of rural districts helped in systematizing issues to the right. Practically all of them sounded on the right, and will be decided by the Government. “
On this basis, we asked Aizada Amangelinova to share his performance and photo, and with her permission we post it on the site. We are sure that for our readers and, especially for the akims of rural districts, it will be very important
The text of the speech by A.Kurmanova at the first hour.
The introduction of a local government budget by receiving taxes directly into its budget did expand the financial capacity of rural districts and strengthen the role of local government in addressing local issues.
At the same time, the period of implementation of the 4th level of the budget shows the low availability of expenditures of rural budgets with own revenues.
With the granted autonomy, the budgets of rural districts, villages and villages by more than 75%, and in some regions – by more than 90% remain endowment It should also be noted that there is a gap in the availability of IAS budgets with own revenues, which varies from 1% of the availability of own revenues to 25% declared in the Minister “s report. For example, the budget of the village, where more than 10 thousand people live, is 320 million tenge, of which the own income – 24 million tenge – or 7.6 %. And here is the budget of the rural district with 700 inhabitants, in which the independent budget will be implemented from 2020, the forecast of the budget volume is 28 million, of which own income – only 140 thousand tenge or less than one percent Moreover, due to tax holidays for small businesses since the beginning of 2020, financial independence of villages will not only not increase, but on the contrary significantly reduce
Naturally, in these circumstances, an additional transfer to the rural level of a number of separate types of taxes and payments from the higher budget is necessary. For example, the transfer of fees for the use of land plots, a single land tax, revenues from the sale of land plots and the right to lease land plots announced in the Minister s report will increase the share of own revenues of IAS budgets by 10-15%.
The low activity of the population can be explained by the lack of interest of the villagers due to the unresolved social problems. Surveys show that citizens who do not attend meetings and meetings have the same opinion: “I do not participate in meetings, they do not give results.” It is enough to look at the minutes of meetings, where decisions on harmonization of budgets are reflected in literally one line, without discussions and proposals It is unlikely that such a formal approach will contribute to increasing public confidence in the Vlast
Of course, the population cannot be forced to participate in local self-government. It is necessary to use various forms of involvement, to conduct explanations, to motivate public recognition, to increase legal and economic literacy of the population. And in this work the civilian sector of the country can make a significant contribution Non-governmental organizations ready for such work For example, in Pavlodar region, non-governmental organizations within the project “Citizen participation in decision-making” not only train interested villagers, but also carry out full practical work for one rural district A. There are good examples in East Kazakhstan region and Karaganda region within the framework of the European Union project “Inclusive rural planning” Etc. It is necessary to completely change the policy of the state social order, the main part of which should be directed to the training of citizens in the development of projects, rural budget, public monitoring of programs, Youth projects should be aimed at identifying initiatives of rural youth, training their leadership skills, cooperation
Local self-government cannot be without the active participation of citizens Participation takes time and effort, but when the results of effective management emerge, there is interest and pride in improving the quality of life – that there is also your contribution to it. The Government needs, together with the creation of optimal conditions for the mobilization of local self-government revenues, to take effective measures to increase the activity of citizens in solving local problems and in the planning of local development.