Dear friends! We invite you to get acquainted with the interview of Saltanat Temirkulovna Rakhimbekova to the news agency https://strategy2050.kz/ru/news/53576/
Over the past decades, most developed and developing countries have prioritized the sustainability of economic growth, increased capacity to use resources and reduced environmental hazards. The concept of green growth has become an integral part of economic policy for many countries and Kazakhstan, among other things. About how our country participates in projects to achieve world goals on sustainable development (SDGs), read the material IA Strategy2050.kz.
17 Sustainable Development Goals
The sustainable development goals are a call to action from all countries, the poor, the rich and the middle developed. It is aimed at improving the well-being and protection of our planet. States recognize that poverty eradication must go hand in hand with efforts to boost economic growth and address a range of issues in education, health, social protection and employment, as well as climate change and environmental protection.
“The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming Our World: An Agenda for Sustainable Development 2030,” contains 17 global goals, 169 relevant targets and 242 indicators. The SDGs concept largely coincides with Kazakhstan’s strategic priorities. About 79% of SDGs are reflected in the documents of the state planning system of Kazakhstan, “said Saltanat Rakhimbekova, chairman of the board of the Coalition for a Green Economy and the Development of G-Global, at a press conference on the implementation of SDGs in Kazakhstan.
As Saltanat Rakhimbekova noted, the 17 goals of the SDG program are divided into 5 groups: people, prosperity, planet, peace and partnership. Each group of goals is assigned to one of the ministries of the Republic of Kazakhstan. According to her, only 5 ministries have committed themselves to achieving the SDGs.
The group of goals “People” was assigned to the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of Kazakhstan. The Ministry is responsible for achieving the first five objectives of the program: poverty eradication, hunger eradication, good health and well-being, quality education and gender equality.
The Ministry of National Economy is responsible for the group of goals “Prosperity” and bringing the country to such results as the availability of affordable and clean energy, providing citizens with decent work and achieving economic growth, reducing inequality, industrialization, innovation and infrastructure development, sustainable cities and settlements.
The Planet Goal Group was assigned to the Ministry of Energy. This is the achievement of indicators for such goals as clean water and sanitation, responsible production and consumption, combating climate change, preserving marine ecosystems and preserving terrestrial ecosystems.
The Peace Group was assigned to the Ministry of Information and Public Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan, where the main goal was to achieve peace, high-quality justice, as well as create, and maintain effective institutions.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs has been identified as responsible for the Partnership Group, which focuses on building partnerships for sustainable development.
According to S. Rakhimbekova, the achievement of these goals is distinguished by a developed state and a developed civil society.
What work has been done to achieve the SDGs
The head of the Coalition for a Green Economy noted that the goals are very interconnected and for this state bodies need to work “in tandem.”
“No government can cope alone, huge resources are needed, including human resources. Sustainable development goals fit everyone, they are universal. And the main task of each state is to nationalize these goals. The government has already paid great attention to this, “S.Rakhimbekova noted.
She added that in order to achieve the goals, it was necessary to define the institutional framework, for which the Coordinating Council was created under the chairmanship of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan, interdepartmental working groups (ministries), where the coordinating body was the Ministry of National Economy, which carries out its activities through the Institute of Economic Research JSC.
“A lot has been done in just one year. A national SDG architecture has been created, tasks and indicators have been prioritized, 80 documents have been quickly and comprehensively evaluated, the first forum on sustainable development has been organized within the framework, a website on SDGs has been launched, and the First Voluntary National Review of Kazakhstan on the agenda for achieving SDGs until 2030 has been presented at the UN high-level political forum in the USA, New York, “she informed.
At the same time, S. Rakhimbekova noted that 17 women ambassadors of SDGs were selected in Kazakhstan, each of whom runs an enterprise, a peasant farm, an institute, a reserve and is responsible for the brightest implementation of sustainable development goals in Kazakhstan.
What aul of “Arnasay”
The Chairman of the Coalition for a Green Economy noted that the eco-aul “Arnasay,” in which the latest eco-technologies were introduced, and which is intended to become a point of green growth, became an example for achieving sustainable development goals.
“35 green technologies were introduced in the village in stages. This is drip irrigation, which allows you to save resources. The 2 of the greenhouse was established and the goal of a sustainable harvest was achieved. In a country where a crop of 17 centners per hectare is considered an achievement, we increased the yield to 50 centners per hectare. Solar panels were installed in the village, as well as solar collectors to heat 1000 liters of water per day. 100 homes were selected for training and green technology. Also, a project on the installation of biogas equipment was carried out, the cost of which amounted to 1 million tenge and the main essence of which is expressed in the fact that “waste turns into income.” According to this project, manure is collected from the population with further processing into gas, which is used to heat greenhouses. This immediately solved several acute problems: pollution of the Ishim River by manure, as well as the production and consumption of organic vegetables by the population. We have also contributed to the fight against climate change by installing greenhouses where CO 2 is turned into fuel. In addition, a huge number of green spaces were planted, the Expo Garden was built. In fact, this is the way to achieve 17 SDG goals using the example of this aul, “Rakhimbekova informed.
According to her, according to economic indicators, water supply costs were reduced by 75%, heating costs by 40%, lighting costs were reduced by 50%, energy savings amounted to 32 thousand kilowatts. At the same time, 3 tons of vegetables were grown in greenhouses, and yields were increased by 2.5 times.
Thus, the pilot project helped to improve the quality of life in the countryside, and also accelerated the development of SMEs by creating 10 ecological houses in the aul. At the same time, the project organizers provided eco-guest houses with solar collectors, the installation of smart lighting, drip irrigation, biogumus, hydrogel and agro-fiber, as well as provided advice on running a “green business” and ensured attendance at eco-guest houses.
The village plans to expand the construction of greenhouses for 1890 sq., as well as replicate the experience of the Arnasay aul to other regions. According to the organizers of the pilot project, the new technologies have already been transferred to 70 families in Kostanay region and 30 in Karaganda.
In addition, S. Rakhimbekova noted that the state returns up to 85% of the costs of installing solar panels.
“It is important that the population is aware of such opportunities to use green technologies and these examples are infectious, since even small enterprises that introduce green technologies make a great contribution to achieving sustainable development goals in Kazakhstan,” she said.
Projects of IMC
In order to implement the SDGs, tangible projects were created, such as “Energy-efficient standards, certification and labelling of devices and equipment in Kazakhstan,” “Reducing risks and investments in renewable energy,” “Sustainable cities,” “Partnership for improving the public service,” “Gender equality.”
According to Sergey Vasiliev, a national expert on market research and increasing demand for energy-efficient devices and equipment, an eco-action for which 2,000 citizens of Kazakhstan are issued certificates for 16 thousand tenge for the purchase of energy-efficient refrigerators can serve as an example of tangible ability. At the same time, it is proposed to pick up and dispose of the old refrigerator at the expense of the project.
“33 million tenge was spent on certificates and sold class A++ refrigerators in the amount of 512 million tenge. The introduction of the action increased the interest and consumption of energy-efficient refrigerators. This reduced electricity consumption by 370 thousand kWh per year, as well as reduced CO 2 emissions by 18 tons. Total emissions of CO 2 in Kazakhstan are 380 tons annually, “Vasiliev informed.
He also noted that the project is planned for 2017-2022 with a budget of $3.5 million. Within the framework of the project, it is planned to create and implement national energy efficiency standards, a system of marking and norms aimed at transforming the market for household appliances and equipment in the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The next agenda for the implementation of the SDGs includes the tasks of determining the basic and forecast values of the SDGs, localizing the SDGs on the principle of “no one should stay away,” conducting an analysis of the implementation of the SDGs in 17 regions of Kazakhstan, organizing awareness-raising work within the framework of the SDGs.
It should be noted that in 2013 Kazakhstan adopted the concept of the UN development program to help the country transition to a green economy. In addition, Agenda 2030 coincides with the country’s priority programs, such as the Kazakhstan-2050 Development Strategy, the Strategic Plan until 2025, the Plan of Nations – 100 concrete steps to implement five institutional reforms, the Rukhani жаңғыру Program, 10 priority tasks of President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev.
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