In the UN Calendar there are not only holidays, but also such days as October 17 – International day Against poverty.
We found about the history of this day in several sources. https://www.pnp.ru/in-world/segodnya-otmechayut-mezhdunarodnyy-den-borby-s-nishhetoy.html
“The struggle to eradicate poverty – one of the major moral challenges of our time – cannot remain the goal of the units; It should be the vocation of many, “that was the message contained in a speech by UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan on October 17, 2006.
The history of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty has been inextricably linked since 17 October 1987. Then more than 100,000 people gathered at Trocadero Square in Paris. It was at this location that the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was signed in 1948.
Participants stated that poverty was a violation of human rights and reaffirmed the need to work together to ensure respect for those rights. Since then, people of diverse classes, beliefs and social backgrounds have gathered annually on 17 October to reaffirm their position and show solidarity with the poor.
This is also reflected in official documents. In 1992, by its resolution, the UN General Assembly declared 17 October the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty and called on all States to devote the Day to observance and propaganda. The main objective of the activities is to raise awareness of the need to combat poverty and poverty in all countries.
Nearly half of the 2018 ‘s population, or 46% billion people, 3.4 on less than $5.5 a day, according to 2017 World Bank data. This was reported in a World Bank (WB) report on poverty published in 2018.
Supplement – by what criteria is the international poverty line established? The World Bank ‘s answer is: 1 dollar 90 cents a day. Now on such the sum there live about 10% of the population of the planet, and nearly a half of poor people lives in the countries of Africa.
In Kazakhstan, the proportion of people living below the poverty line is 4 per cent. Much or little? I think that in our country they should not be at all.
And in that just this week we learned that Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Michael Cremer won the Nobel Prize in Economics for 2019 for “an experimental approach to combating global poverty,” there is no accident. Read more here: https://rg.ru/2019/10/14/nazvany-nobelevskie-laureaty-2019-goda-po-ekonomike.html.
As can be seen from the sources about this event, the main advantage of this scientific work on economics is that they have introduced a new approach to obtaining reliable answers about the best ways to combat global poverty. This is about dividing the problem into smaller and more manageable issues – for example, the most effective measures to improve the results of education or the health of the child.
The results of scientists following the footsteps of three Nobel laureates have greatly improved the ability to fight poverty in practice. For example, the direct result of one study is that more than five million Indian children have benefited from effective remedial education programmes in schools. Another example is the large subsidies for preventive health care that have been introduced in many countries, the release said.
Material prepared by: Lyazat Askarov, Project Manager “Public Institute” SDG-2030 Leaders in Kazakhstan “